After the Goldfish tank, the Freshwater Angel Fish is another great choice for a small aquarium fish.
There are some beautiful tropical Angel fish, but we are going to focus on the fresh water angel fish today.
There are numerous varieties of Angel Fish including the Golden. Pearly Gold, Silver, Blushing and Blue Blushing, Marble, Koi, Angel Fish, Black, Smoky, Veil Tail, and even the most recognized, Zebra.
Many people are under the misconception that you can’t have fun with a fish, or there is no communication to be had. This is not true, and especially with the freshwater Angel fish. Each fish in this species has its own little likes and dislikes, and personalities. They are fun to get to know.
They actually look outside their tanks for stimulating happenings out there. The freshwater Angel Fish are usually the first in the tank to follow you around the room, or play chasing games with your fingers. I have even seen one that would swim circles around the hands of someone cleaning the tank or adjusting their tank ornaments.
Although Angel fish are fairly easy and affordable first fish, you need to make sure you find someone knowledgable about them, if you are adding other species of fish. Many times the beautiful flowing fins can be picked at by other types of fish.
Angel fish love to swim freely, but never be too far from a shelter. Be it a large rock or a plants to hide behind, they do have their shy moments.
Angel fish also like a community, and the magic number seems to be around 2 per every 10 Gallon tank or larger. However, take care, as some can outgrow a small tank very quickly.
If your Angel fish feels crowded, it can become territorial and aggressive. This is especially true if there are two males and a female in the tank. The size of tank doesn’t even matter at that point, so it is better to be safe than sorry…stick with only a few.
Water Temperature and Quality
The ideal temperature for Angel fish is about 77°F (25°C) and the pH between 6.0 and 7.0. Too low, or too high temperatures may result in premature death of your fish. Read more about the placement of your aquariums.
Plants & Ornaments
Angel fish must have vegetation to be happy. It not only filters and cleans the tank water of decomposed materials, it reduces algae.
Plants imitate its natural habitat, and gives them hiding places. Some have been known to be so at ease, they will breed, using the live aquarium plants as egg beds. They favor larger leaved plants for this. Here are the favorite live plants for the Angel Fish.
Alternanthera and Echinodorus Amazonicus
Feeding & Health
Angelfish prefer flakes over pellet or granule type foods. If you want to get creative, go to a pet shop, that sells fish or reptile food. If there are none around, look for a bait shop for fresh food. Find live and frozen worms, larvae, insects, Brine shrimp, and other treats. Don’t forget to thaw it before serving.
Once per day is normal feeding for the Angel fish. Unlike some other species they eat what you give them, not leaving it to spoil on the bottom. This means a little goes a long way, so begin with what can be eaten in 4-5 minutes will keep them full for a day. Cut this portion in half if you feed twice per day.
Angel fish are the best tank mates for the most part with Tetras, with the exception of Neon tetras and a Guppy. For some odd reason an Angel fish will hunt these two types of fish down and strike at them, in fear they will be harmed first. They say Guppies are notorious for biting the Angel’s fins, so intolerance takes over and the Angel becomes aggressive back.
Most Common Angel Fish Diseases are:
Pop-Eye is characterized by Cloudy eyes, Bloody spots, sores, black spots, spots resembling tumors, loss of fins. Other than lack of tank care, it can be caused by internal parasites, bacteria, or worm cataracts.
Ich is also called White spot disease. It is caused by parasites, abd again other than lack of maintenance, the ammonia levels are so high it has caused stress, lack of oxygen.
Less Common but still occur can be these:
Angel fish Virus
Hexamita (AKA Hold-In-The-Head Disease)
Velvet Disease (AKA Gold Dust Disease)
If your Angel fish set up house, and create newborns, they will also use the same hiding places. If you are going to breed, you need to learn more about Freshwater Angel Fish breeding tanks. Yet another reason for only getting one or two per tank until you are prepared. More fish means more waste of food and excrement, therefore you would need an upgraded sponge filter.
Male or Female?
You won’t be able to tell the differences between a male and a female except at spawning time. The female has a tear-drop shaped tube and the male’s is a cone shape. At this time, it is best to watch it closely, and have another tank prepared to make a nursery. Disaster could happen if you don’t.
Learn about other Pet Fish Aquariums
Tell Us About Your Angel Fish
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